Jac. Jongert

ICONOFGRAPHICS

The Netherlands, 1883 - 1942

Jac. Jongert in the 1930's.
Picture from Puremerends Museum.

Jacob Jongert, born on June 22, 1883, in a peasant family never managed to find his place on the farm. Instead he studied applied arts in Amsterdam. In 1905 he obtained the necessary certificates to become a drawing teacher.

In the same period he assisted artist Roland Holst with his monumental murals in the buildings of the 'Algemene Nederlandse Diamantbewerkersbond'. At first Jongert felt like he found the direction in the arts that would suit him, but he never managed to master the exact right technique and drawing-style.

Liefdedaden, 1919
book cover for a book by S. Kierkegaard
publisher J. Ploegsma

Tot het eeuwig zelf, 1918
bookcover
publisher W. Hilarius

Jongert found a new inspiration in S.H. de Roos, an acquaintance and colleague who brought the Arts & Crafts ideas of William Morris to the Netherlands. De Roos devoted his career to book-design and typography, which woke Jongert's interest. He experimented with several printing techniques and discovered graphic design as his ideal art form. Nothing is more suitable to reach all layers of society, than the mass production of posters and packages of good quality.


You can find more information on the Arts & Crafts movement here.

Early in his career Jongert was an active member of the social democratic party. His engagement in the party was also visible in his artwork. He wanted to reach an audience as large as possible; he liked his art to be closer to the ordinary people's interest. Graphic design was a logical choice, as it had the largest distribution.
In 1911 Roland Holst advised the young Jongert to concentrate on his career and leave politics behind.

Apricot Brandy for Oud, 1920
poster, 1000x750mm

Bottle for Oud brewery, 1920
height 102mm

Jongert was hired by the Oud-company, which produced wine and sherry, to create bottles and labels for their products. From 1915 onwards his designs determined the look of this brand, which was a quite new phenomenon in the Netherlands.

Glassfactory Leerdam, 1917
catalogue, 155x225mm
Collection National Glassmuseum Leerdam.

The bottles for the Oud-products were produces at Leerdam. Trough this contact He got the assignment to design Leerdam's product catalogues. Jongert's graceful approach with the use of decorative fonts was much appreciated.

At this time, besides teaching, he designed book bindings, made illustrations for several publishers and labels for various products like cigar boxes. He had drawn the attention from both his colleagues and potential clients.

In the early twenties Jongert moved to Rotterdam to teach at the academy. Shortly after moving, his personal life got stirred by the early death of his wife and the care for his four young children.

Van Nelle,
poster, exact date unknown

Van Nelle,
poster, exact date unknown

In Rotterdam he got hired by Kees van der Leeuwen who shared Jongert's ideas on art, to design products for Van Nelle (coffee, tea and cigarettes). Influenced by the wishes of the commercial environment, his artwork for Van Nelle is characterized by a certain simplicity; his letters and colors are powerful, his shapes angular, but nevertheless it kept it's ornamental character. Jongert was given absolute freedom at Van Nelle, as sales ran high, they never questioned his designs.

Van Nelle, 1930
Tin for coffee and tea.
370x415x285mm

The corporate identity for Van Nelle became a milestone in the Dutch design world where advertising agencies didn't exist at that time. Companies had their posters and packages made by artists. (Note the signature). Painters and illustrators created the image of a company. Jongert's designs for Van Nelle have become rare items and are now shown in museums.

Van Nelle tobacco
package design
exact date unknown

banknote 50 gulden, 1929
101 x 142 mm

Stamp, airmail
1929

programme Tuschinski Theater, 1926
programme folder

Van Nelle Tobacco, 1920
early poster for Van Nelle
975x648mm